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2016职称英语卫生类a级补全短文真题及答案(网友版)

2016-04-11 16:32 来源:中华会计网校整理 打印 | 收藏 |
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2016年全国职称英语统一考试已于3月26日落下帷幕。网校将在考后及时为您整理发布2016年综合类职称英语考试真题及答案,并由网校专业教师为您解析点评真题答案。同时,网校每日一练免费在线测试系统将为所有学员免费提供练习题,所有学员登录成功之后即可免费练习。敬请关注!

第5部分:补全短文(第46——50题,每题2分,共10分)

下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,请根据短文内容选择5组文字,将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。

Sauna

Ceremonial (仪式性的) bathing hasexisted for thousands of years and has many forms, one of which is the sauna. TheFinns have perfected the steam bath, or sauna, which may be taken, usually inan enclosed room, by pouring water over hot rocks or as a dry heat bath. TheJapanese, Greeks, Turks and Russians as well as Native Americans have forms ofthe sweat bath in their bathing rituals. (46) Dry heat and steam baths hadadvocates in ancient Rome and pre-Columbian Americans used sweat lodges.

The earliest saunas were probablyunderground caves heated by a fire that naturally filled with smoke as chimneymaking was unknown at that time. A fire kept in a fire-pit would heat the rockwalls of the cave. After reaching full heat, the smoke was let out of the caveand the stones would retain heat for several hours. A few people today saythat the smoke sauna, “savusauna”, is the only true sauna experience and thatall saunas should have at least a background odor or smoke. (47) Today mostsaunas use electric stoves, although gas and wood-burning stoves are available.

Saunas are relaxing and stress relieving. Thosewith muscle aches or arthritis (关节炎) may find that the heat relaxes muscles and relieves pain andinflammation (炎症). Asthma (气喘) patients find that the heat enlarges air passageways of the lungand facilitates breathing. Saunas do not cure the common cold but they may helpto alleviate congestion (阻塞) arid speed recovery time. The body’s core temperature usuallyrises a 1-2 degrees while in the sauna, thus imitating a slight fever.(48)The sauna could be considered to follow the old saying “feed a cold, starvea fever”. The regular use of a sauna may decrease the likelihood of getting acold in the first place.

Sauna is good for your skin as the bloodflow to the skin increases and sweating occurs. Adults sweat about 2 lbs ofwater per hour on average in a sauna. A good sweat removes dirt and grime frompores and gives the skin a healthy glow. The loss in water weight is temporaryas the body’s physiological mechanisms will quickly restore proper volumes. Thecardio vascular system gets a work out as the heart must pump harder and fasterto move blood to the surface for heat exchange. (49) Heart rate mayincrease from 72 beats per minute on average to 100-150 beats per minute.

A normal heart can handle these stressesbut those with heart trouble wishing to begin to use a sauna should seek adoctor’s advice. The elderly and those with diabetes should check with theirdoctor prior to beginning to take saunas. Pregnant women should not takesaunas, particularly in the first three months. (50) Indeed, everyone juststarting out should take short sessions at first to become accustomed to thistype of bath.

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学员:chuhero 感谢周涵老师,职称英语过了。我觉得应该在这里跟老师说声谢谢,老师的讲课很实用,针对性强,是很有学习价值的课程,如果你想通过职称英语考试,就听周老师的课程吧。

学员:王仁芝 我去年7月开始差不多从零学起,坚持到考试,考了72分,十分感谢老师及网校的辅导!

学员:lilizhangx 职称英语通过了!毕业10年了,没怎么接触英语,跟着周涵老师学习,一次通过!

学员:张洪杰 首先感谢周涵老师,好多年没有学习了,经过老师的讲解顺利过关,这已经出乎我的预料,真的很激动,终于没让老师们失望,通过了,很高兴。

学员:xsqxxlxzj 十多年没有学习过英语了,通过职业培训教育网3个多月的学习,83分通过职称英语综合C级考试,非常感谢周涵老师,谢谢您!

学员:best888zhou 毕业以后就没有翻过英语了,丢了有七年了,虽然以前基础还不错,但这次真的是没有信心,过年后开始复习,用了差不多一个月的时间,B级综合考了80分,很开心,谢谢周涵老师的细致讲解!

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